When CPS does an investigation the outcome of their investigation falls into 1 of 5 categories:
- Category I-Cases in which the department determines that there is a preponderance of evidence of child abuse or neglect and a court petition is needed and/or required. Services must be provided by CPS (or foster care), in conjunction with community-based services.
- Category II-Cases in which the department determines that there is a preponderance of evidence of child abuse or neglect and the risk assessment indicates a high or intensive risk. Services must be provided by CPS, in conjunction with community-based services.
- Category III-Cases in which the department determines that there is a preponderance of evidence of child abuse or neglect and the risk assessment indicates a low or moderate risk. A referral to community-based services must be made by CPS
- Category IV-Cases in which a preponderance of evidence of child abuse or neglect is not found. The department must assist the child’s family in voluntarily participating in community-based services commensurate with risk level determined by the risk assessment (structured decision making tool)
- Category V-Cases in which CPS is unable to locate the family, no evidence of child abuse or neglect is found or the court declines to issue an order requiring family cooperation during the investigation
Category I and II cases are considered the most severe. If a case is placed in the level I or II category the perpetrator’s name will be added to the CPS Child Abuse and Neglect Central Registry List.
If your name has been placed on this list CPS is required to notify you. This written notification will include,
Information on the individual’s right to review the case record.
Information on the individual’s right to appeal the decision to place their name on the Central Registry.
- Instructions on how to file an appeal.
Being listed can prevent you from adopting a child, licensing a daycare center or even working at a school.
The Central Registry is a document that is internal to the government and not available to the public, however there are a few people who do have access to it. The following is a list of some of these people:
- A physician treating a child suspected to have been abused or neglected
- Law enforcement or a child protective agency investigating a report of known or suspected child abuse or neglect
- The person listed as the perpetrator of child abuse or neglect
- The victim of child abuse or neglect, so long as that victim is an adult
- A court or grand jury, when the information is necessary to decide an issue
- An adoption agency or foster care placement agency
If you are currently listed on the Michigan Central Registry and would like to be removed, you may request the Michigan Department of Human Services amend an inaccurate CPS report or record. You may also request that the Michigan Department of Human Services expunge your record, meaning they remove your name and the evidence against you from the Central Registry if they find that it is in the best interest of the child to do so. If the Michigan Department of Human Services refuses your request for amendment or expungement, or fails to act within 30 days of your request, they must hold a hearing regarding the proposed amendment or expungement. You may also appeal their decision if you do not agree with it.
For more information on Michigan’s CPS read our article ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MICHIGAN’S CPS